Mongolia - Geography and Maps
Mongolia is quite mountainous with three major ranges: the Altai Mountains, the Khangai Mountains and the Khentti Mountains. The Altai are located in the west and are the highest of the three with much of the area reaching elevations above 2,000m. The highest point is Hüiten Peak at 4,374m (14,550 ft). The Khangai Mountains occupy much of central and north-central Mongolia. They are older than the other regions and are therefore lower as they have eroded. The Khentii Mountains are located to the northeast of Ulaanbaatar near the Russian border.
There are hundreds of lakes in Mongolia with Uvs Lake (covering an area of 3,350 sq km) being the largest. The landscape includes one of the largest freshwater lakes in all of Asia - Lake Khuvsgul. The three largest rivers in Mongolia are the Orkhon River which runs for 1,124 km (689 mi), the Kherlen River which runs for 1,090 km (667 mi), and the Selenge River which runs for 539 km (334 mi). Mongolia is also characterised by steppes - large areas of flat, un-forested grasslands, which has resulted in the Mongolian Steppe being one of the last large and unchanged ecosystems left in the world.
Despite housing hundreds of lakes, Mongolia is also home to the Gobi Desert which makes up for 30% of the entire area of the country. The Gobi Desert covers parts of northwestern China and southern Mongolia. It measures over 1,610 km (600 mi) from southwest to northeast and around 800 km (500 mi) from north to south. It is the largest desert in Asia and is the fifth largest desert in the world.
Mongolia Travel Information
At Goway we believe that a well-informed traveller is a safer traveller. With this in mind, we have compiled an easy to navigate travel information section dedicated to Mongolia.
Learn about the history and culture of Mongolia, the must-try food and drink, and what to pack in your suitcase. Read about Mongolia's nature and wildlife, weather and geography, along with 'Country Quickfacts' compiled by our travel experts. Our globetrotting tips, as well as our visa and health information will help ensure you're properly prepared for a safe and enjoyable trip. The only way you could possibly learn more is by embarking on your journey and discovering Mongolia for yourself. Start exploring… book one of our Mongolia tours today!
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