Specials Trip Finder Brochures Menu

Nepal Geography and Maps

  • Forest within Nepal
  • Phewa Lake
  • Himalayas

With a population of 28 million people, Nepal is a landlocked country located in Southern Asia. It is bordered on three sides by India and is bordered by Tibet in the north. The country has a total land area of 147,181 square kilometres.

The geography of Nepal can be divided into three different belts: the Terai Region which makes up 19% of the land area, the Hills Region which makes up 65% of the land area and the Himalayas which make up 16% of the land area.

The Terai Region begins at the Indian border with the first range of foothills called Silwaliks. The highest hills found here reach approximately 1,000m (3,280 ft) but average around 700m (2,297 ft). The terrain here is not suitable for agriculture and therefore the population is relatively low. The region ends and the Hill Region begins with a higher range of foothills called the Mahabharat Range.

The steep, southern slopes of the Hill Region are nearly uninhabited and have altitudes ranging between 700-4,000m (2,297-12,123 ft). Despite the low population found in the southern slopes, the Kathmandu and Pokhara regions are located within the Hill Region. These two areas are in stark contrast to the southern slopes as they are highly urbanised.

The Mountain Region is home to the Himalayas which have an average altitude of approximately 5,000-5,500m (16,404-18,045 ft). Around ninety peaks in the Himalayas are over 7,000m (22,966 ft) with a further eight exceeding 8,000m (26,247 ft). Standing at 8,848m (29,029 ft), Mount Everest, the world’s tallest mountain is located in the Mountain Region. The Mountian Region is not one continuous range, instead, it is made up of twenty-five subranges with semi-arid valleys in between them. There are villages found as high up as 4,500m (14,764 ft).



Nepal Travel Information

At Goway we believe that a well-informed traveller is a safer traveller. With this in mind, we have compiled an easy-to-navigate travel information section dedicated to Nepal.

Learn about the history and culture of Nepal, the must-try food and drink, and what to pack in your suitcase. Read about Nepal's nature and wildlife, weather and geography, along with 'Country Quickfacts' compiled by our travel experts. Our globetrotting tips, as well as our visa and health information, will help ensure you're properly prepared for a safe and enjoyable trip. The only way you could possibly learn more is by embarking on your journey and discovering Nepal for yourself. Start exploring… book one of our Nepal tours today!


Extend Your Trip

After your Nepal tour considers taking the time to visit other destinations. Goway offers exciting China vacation packagesIndia tours and Thailand vacation packages plus a comprehensive selection of vacation packages in many other Asian countries.



Book your Nepal tour with Goway! 

ASIA by Goway is an exclusive division that specializes in planning and organizing Nepal tours, treks and experiences. Choose from a simple city stopover,  or be active and adventurous on a Himalayan trek, try a locally esorted tour, an independent travel module, and much more. We want to be your first choice when next you go globetrotting to Nepal.

Get a Trip Quote Order a Brochure
Trip Finder

What our travelers say

Goway Toolkit

Need help planning your holiday? Our toolkit is a great place to get started.