Trekking in Nepal
NEPAL is a life-dream to the lover of adventures in the world, which lies in 26°12" to 30° 27" northern latitude and 80° 04" to 88° 12" eastern longitude in the global map. It has diversity in geography, culture, religion, climate, ethnic people, flora and fauna. Nepal is a landlocked country between India in the south, east and west and Tibetan autonomous region of China in the north. The country is rectangular in shape stretching from east to west. The northern strip is the Himalaya (Mountainous) region, which includes eight of the ten highest mountains in the world.
TREKKING GENERAL INFORMATION
The Nepal Himalaya has always been known as “The abode of the Gods”. Many of the primordial history religion, culture and tradition as well as legends and myths emanate from the awesome Himalaya. The Nepal Himalaya harbors many holy temples and shrines, monasteries and sacred lakes in the wilderness and remote parts of the region. Pilgrims frequently visit these sites. It is a land of piety and stillness. The Himalayas is the youngest and highest mountain chain on earth. A full third of its stretches – the formidable Great Himalayan range of 800 kilometers lies within the Nepal Himalaya. It has a convergence of 1310 magnificent peaks over 6,000 meters, including eight of the world's highest 14 peaks of 8000 meters.
Nestling in the rain shadows of these unique vistas of soaring summits unravel profusion of lofty foothills, the home of the many Nepalese who delight in warm hospitality and friendship. These verdant terraced hills meander down to lush green valleys with turbulent rivers and to the tropical lowland and jungles teeming with countless wildlife. In its immensely diverse and undulating topography, varied climate and mix of people Nepal combines to produce a magical attraction for outsiders. Many foreign visitors come to trek one or more beautiful trekking regions. To trek, one does not have to be bizarre, neither a mountaineer nor an athlete. Anyone with a pair of strong legs, and the spirit for adventure to explore the exotic, will enjoy the thrills of trekking in the hills of Nepal. Walking in the interior of the country follows ancient foot trails, which meander through the scenic riverbanks, intricately terraced fields and the forested ridges connecting picturesque hamlets and mountain villages. These highly developed and well-defined trails have been used for centuries and are the hive of activities to encounter the locals.
For visitors on extended holiday and with fewer restraints, there is an even more varied spectrum of adventure – be it rafting on the sparking rivers, safaris in the jungles, trekking to explore deeper into the alpine valley with perpetual snow and glistening glaciers. The more intrepid traveler may venture further up to scale any of the 18 minor trekking peaks.
Trekking in Nepal can be undertaken throughout the year. There are four seasons related to the trekking in Nepal. Each season has its distinct attraction to offer. The seasons are classified as follows:
AUTUMN (SEPT/ OCT/ NOV)
This season offers excellent weather and tantalizing mountain views.
WINTER (DEC/ JAN/ FEB)
This season is noted for occasional snowfall only at higher elevations. Hence, it is ideal for trekking at lower elevations, generally below 3000 meters.
SPRING (MAR/ APR/ MAY)
Different varieties of wild flowers, especially the rhododendrons make the hillside above 5000 meters a haunting paradise during this season. It is mildly warm at lower elevations, at higher elevation over 4000 meters the Mountain View is excellent, and temperature is quite moderate.
SUMMER (JUN/ JUL/ AUG)
Summer months continues up to mid September making travel wet and warm. These times are blessed for the keen botanist as the higher valleys and meadows blossom with flowers and lush vegetation. It is recommended to carry insect repellent when trekking during summer months.
LIST OF CLOTHING EQUIPMENT AND PERSONAL EFFECTS
LIGHTWEIGHT WALKING BOOTS.
If new one is being bought, “Walk them in” to avoid blisters. Also, bring spare laces.
A PAIR OF TRACKSHOES.
To wear in the camp at night or when the boot is wet
Gore-Tex or Fiberfill or down should be adequate. This is especially necessary during winter from December to February.
A RAINPROOF JACKET WITH HOOD OR A PUNCHO.
Get the one that is guaranteed waterproof.
WOOLEN SHIRTS AND THICK SWEATER.
During winter months- December through February. These items are essential. Thick sweaters can be purchased in Kathmandu also.
A PAIR OF LIGHTWEIGHT/HEAVY TROUSERS.
Jeans are unsuitable to wear on treks. Cheap loose cotton pants are also available in Kathmandu. Heavyweight trousers are useful higher up in the mountains in the morning and at night. Windproof/ water- proof trousers are necessary on all treks going above 10000 ft.
These are excellent to sleep in at night. In the winter month thermal underwear are quite invaluable.
Useful for wearing in camp and in the tent
2 PAIR OF LOOSE FITTING LONG SHORTS/SKIRTS.
2 COTTON T-SHIRTS.
1 LIGHTWEIGHT LONG SLEEVED-SHIRT
Is particularly suitable for avoiding sunburn.
A WOOLEN/ SUN HAT
To wear in the morning and at night. During winter, it is an essential item. A sunhat and ensure it has wide brim to cover the face and neck.
A PAIR OF GLOVES.
Leather with lining and woolen are the best.
1 PAIR OF SANDALS
For wearing in the cities and in camp site
1 PAIR OF THICK AND 2 PAIR OF THICK WOOLEN SOCKS.
DUFFLE BAG OR KIT BAG
To carry the gear while on trekking.
This is a small rucksack to carry personal requirements for the day e.g. toilet items, camera, film, towel etc.
WATER - BOTTLE
SNOW GLASSES AND SUNGLASSES
2-4 LARGE PLASTIC BAGS
For separating clean cloths from dirty ones. 6-10 smaller plastic bags to dispose garbage.
WALLET AND/OR MONEY BELT WITH COMPARTMENT.
With large and small towels
SMALL HEADLAMP AND /OR TORCH LIGHT
With spare batteries and bulbs, candles and lighter to burn toilet paper.
Essential during winter and all treks going over at other times
AN UMBRELLA (OPTIONAL)
Which is quite useful to ward of the dogs, suitable as a waling stick, to use as a sunshade and useful when it rains.
READING MATERIALS, CAMERA AND FILM, GAME ITEMS (OPTIONAL), NOTE BOOK, RUBBER BAND, PEN AND PENCIL ENVELOPES, A DIARY, A CALENDAR, A POCKET KNIFE, BINOCULARS (OPTIONAL), A SMALL PILLOW OR HEAD- REST (OPTIONAL), PERSONAL MEDICAL SUPPLIES.
CLASSIFICATION OF TREKKING
Trekking in Nepal take you through the country that has captured the imagination of mountaineers and explores for over a 100 years. You will encounter people in remote mountain villages whose life style has not changed in generations, yet they will convey a trust of foreigners, which is made possible by their secure position as Nepal, is the only country in the world that has never been ruled by any foreign power. Trekking in Nepal will have an opportunity to observe great variety of the Kingdom and the villages that embrace ethnic groups and cultures, accompanied by the picturesque villages, beautiful terraced landscape and majestic snow-capped mountains.
In order to provide an idea of the trekking standards, here are some general information and classification of Himalayan trek:
Generally between (900 to 2000 m.) with lots of “ups & downs”, one should be physically fit and a good walker for this trek.
Varies between (900 to 3000 m.) a moderate trek with possibility of side trips to higher elevation.
A demanding trek, at an altitude of around 4000m with possible side trips to higher elevation. Remote & unpopulated mountain trails are involved.
It is considered a demanding trek reaching up to 5500 m. That requires an excellent health and physically fit condition.
Under this category, may include climbing of trekking peaks and trekking through remote areas on rough terrain therefore it is considered as an extremely demanding trek. The trekker should have at least minimum experience of ALPINE TREK with basic knowledge of using crampons and an ice axe. A medical certificate from a qualified doctor is needed before winding this trek.
We are presenting here some information of the most interesting and popular trekking areas.
ANNAPURNA is the most popular trek in Nepal, which passes through some of the most stunning scenery on earth. Beside day hikes, long treks through happy valleys deep into the heart of Himalayas can be made. In this trek, the elevation of 3939 meters above the sea level can be covered. Thakalis, Gurungs, Magars are the people that are found prevailing on the way. Subtropical to Alpine vegetation & climates is found changing with the elevation. Trekking in the region allows exploring through rhododendron forests over the foothills of the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri and through the deepest gorge in the world, the Kali Gandaki gorge. Climate in this region does not remain constant, as the cold winds from the Tibetan plateau rush through the south, Jomsom; Ghandruk & Ghorepani are some of the trekking destination of this region.
Pokhara valley drained by the Seti River is also studded with numerous lakes. Phewa Lake at the western end and Begnas Lake and Rupa Lake to the east are prominent ones. The valley floor is made-up of tremendous thickness of gravel cut into intricate terraces and deep canyons by the rivers.
Similar to the contrast between the level plain and rugged hills, there are variations in culture pattern. These tropical plain and low hills are the home of Hindu population while in the temperate highlands inhabits the tribal Gurungs. Above the highest villages at 1900 meter extend extensive temperate forests and alpine pastures further beyond.
The prevailing climate is humid sub-tropical with a heavy rain during the summer, spring; autumn and winter are ideal seasons for visiting and trekking around Pokhara valley.
Nepal Travel Information
At Goway we believe that a well-informed traveller is a safer traveller. With this in mind, we have compiled an easy to navigate travel information section dedicated to Nepal.
Learn about the history and culture of Nepal, the must-try food and drink, and what to pack in your suitcase. Read about Nepal's nature and wildlife, weather and geography, along with 'Country Quickfacts' compiled by our travel experts. Our globetrotting tips, as well as our visa and health information will help ensure you're properly prepared for a safe and enjoyable trip. The only way you could possibly learn more is by embarking on your journey and discovering Nepal for yourself. Start exploring… book one of our Nepal tours today!
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