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Guyana - Geography and Maps

Guyana is located in the northeast part of South America, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean in the north and the east, Surinam in the southeast, Brazil to the south and Venezuela in the west.  With a coastline of 322 km (206 mi) and over 1,600 km (965 mi) of navigable rivers, it is not surprising that the name Guyana comes from the Amerindian language and translates to “the land of many waters”.  The three major rivers found in Guyana are the Essequibo, the Demerara and the Berbice.

Geographically, Guyana is divided into four natural regions.  First, there is the fertile plains along the Atlantic coast that produces the country’s most important crops, sugar and rice.  It is this part of the country that hosts the majority of Guyana’s population.  Next is the forested highland region that spreads across the middle of the country and is characterised by the incredible rainforest.  The interior highlands that extend to the Brazilian border contain Mount Roraima, which at 2,835 km (9,301 ft) is the highest peak in the country.  Mount Roraima is part of the Pakaraima range which also includes Mount Ayanganna at 2,042 m (6,699 ft) tall. Over 80% of Guyana’s land area is dominated by pristine rainforests that have remained largely unaltered by humans allowing for a great deal of biodiversity.  Finally, southern Guyana is dominated by a grassy, flat savannah.


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