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Norway: Geography & Maps


  • Mountainous landscape

A long and narrow country, Norway is located in Northern Europe on the western and northern part of the Scandinavian Peninsula.  It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean in the north, Finland, Russia and Sweden to the east, and by the North Sea in the west, with the Skagerrak inlet to the south.  There are many different landscapes throughout Norway, but there are four distinct regions.

The southeastern region is characterized by mountains, valleys, forests and farming lands.  The southwestern region includes the coast as well as deep fjords and many islands.  While some of these islands are inhabited and host towns or villages, many are small and rocky and are called skerries.  The central region also has fjords and mountains and large lowland areas.  Finally, the northern region is home to tall mountains with much of this region lying beyond the Arctic Circle.  As a result, a great deal of this part of the country is rugged tundra.

Norway is one of the most northerly countries in the world and is one of the most mountainous in Europe.  A great deal of the landscape is dominated by the Scandinavian Mountains and there are 291 peaks in the country with elevations over sea level of 2,000 m (6,562 ft).  The highest mountain in Norway, Scandinavia and Northern Europe is Galdhøpiggen, which stands at 2,469 m (8,100 ft) above sea level.


 

 


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