Poland: Geography & Maps
Poland is located in East-Central Europe sharing borders with Germany in the west, Czech Republic and Slovakia in the south, Ukraine and Belarus in the east, Lithuania and the Russian exclave of Kaliningrad in the northeast. Poland also has a northern border stretching almost 525 km (325 mi) along the Baltic Sea.
Lakes and islands, as well as many rivers, characterize Northern Poland. The longest river is Vistula at 1,090 km (675 mi). Rising in the Tatra Mountains, the Vistula River eventually empties into the Baltic Sea. The Tatra Mountains form a natural border between Poland and Slovakia. In the High Tatras is Rysy, a mountain with three peaks. The northwestern peak is in Poland and at 2,499 m (8,199 ft), it is the country’s highest. There are several other mountain ranges in Poland, however, unlike the Tatras, most do not reach more than 1,700 m (5,577.42 ft) above sea level.
The city of Warsaw is Poland’s largest city and serves as its capital. It is located on the Vistula River in east-central Poland. Warsaw is the financial centre of the country and is home to many historical sites. As such, Warsaw’s Old Town was named as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980.
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