Slovenia: Travel Information
Slovenia is a small country surrounded by 4 other countries, Austria, Italy, Croatia and Hungary. More than half the country is covered in forest. The north is part of the Alpine mountain chain. The west is on the Adriatic Coast which, although very attractive, is not very big being 46 kilometres/29 miles in length.
Slovenia has been an independent democratic republic since it separated from Yugoslavia in 1991. It is also part of the Euro zone. The official language is Slovene although a number of other languages are spoken.
It is a country which has 3 UNESCO World Heritage sites that can be visited on a Slovenia vacation These are the Skocjan Caves which are one of the largest known underground canyons in the world and inhabited since prehistoric times, the Ljubljana Marshes with their original prehistoric houses built on stilts and the Idrija Mercury mining sites with their stores and infrastructure as well as miners' living quarters.
The capital, Ljubljana has a remarkable similarity to Salzburg in Austria. This because of the attractive baroque architecture found in the city centre. Ljubljana is dominated by the medieval Ljubljana Castle which is located on a hill overlooking the city. The Ljubljanica River flows through the centre of Ljubljana with several interesting ornate and unusual bridges connecting the two banks. The remains of the Roman city, Emona were found here and many relics are on display in a local museum. There is a charming Opera house with regular performances and several very good museums and art galleries as well as a City Museum. Maribor is Slovenia’s second largest city and is in the centre of the country’s wine-producing region. Slovenia produces some excellent wines.
Another special attraction is the Postojna Caves with their extensive and amazing underground limestone caverns. The 5 kilometre/3 mile train ride takes you into the cave after which you walk around this enchanting underground phenomenon.
The best-known resort on the Adriatic Coast is Piran, a charming picture postcard perfect town rich in history and culture. Lake Bled, a vacation paradise, is sheltered by a mountain backdrop and ideal for a relaxing stay. Triglav National Park is located in the Julian Alps and is home to beautiful gorges and gushing waterfalls.
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