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Slovenia: Nature & Wildlife


  • Lake Jasna, Slovenia

Slovenia's biodiversity has been exceptionally well preserved. One-tenth of Slovenia's territory is protected under nature conservation laws. The first natural park in Slovenia was established in 1888. The Triglav National Park is the largest Slovenian park. It was named after Slovenia's highest summit, Triglav at 2864 metres/9304 feet. Slovenia has 3 regional parks, Kozjansko, Notranjska and Skocjan Caves and 44 landscape parks have diversified landscape, forests and native plant and animal species.

Valuable natural features also include the stunning Lake Cerknica and one of the deepest caves in the world and a UNESCO World Heritage site, the Skocjan Caves.

Slovenia is the habitat of 140 animal and plant species some of which are rare or threatened. Among them is the brown bear – the largest animal weighs more than 300 kilograms/660 pounds. In the forests across the greater part of Slovenia there are large numbers of red deer, roe deer and wild boar and in the mountainous areas, chamois and ibex can also be found. Among the smaller animals are the beech marten and the pine marten, European hare, badger and fox.


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