St Petersburg: Kronstadt City & Fort Alexander Full Day Tour
- 6 Hours
- 6 Hours
- On request
Kronstadt was founded by Emperor Peter the Great in 1704 as a maritime fortress and naval base on Kotlin Island. The name "Kronstadt" was invented by Peter the Great, and in German means "Crown City". Kronstadt is St. Petersburg's main seaport. You will get a general impression of the legendary fortress city of Kronstadt, history and its construction, the Sea Cathedral, a monument to Peter I, Fort Constantine.
The fort Alexander was built in 1838 - 1845 according to the project of engineer-colonel Carbonier and Moris Dastrem. Like other forts of the Kronstadt naval fortress it was created on an artificial island. The builders hammered more than 5500 12-meter-long piles into the sea bed to reinforce the ground. They then covered the piles with a layer of sand, a layer of concrete blocks, and a layer of granite slabs. The brickwork of the fort received granite face-work. The fort was ceremonially opened in 1845. Emperor Nicholas 1 decided to name it "Emperor Alexander" after his brother, the Russian Emperor Alexander I.
The Reeperbahn Ferry ride will acquaint you with the unique system of Kronshtadt fortifications, the Gulf of Finland, the history of St. Petersburg's floods. Excursion program on Fort Alexander I includes the review of Fort building history, its architectural details and the plague laboratory activity. Tourists are offered free time to see the fort upon arrival.
Refreshing Baltic wind, seagulls screams and the waves of Baltic, once fearsome fortresses (forts of Kronshtadt) standing proudly in the middle of the sea. These moments will make up unforgettable romantic memories of the visit to Russian sea capital.
Duration: 6 Hours
From: St Petersburg