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Russia: Nizhny Novgorod


Nizhny is a city in the administrative centre of the Volga Federal District, located about 400 kilometres/240 miles east of Moscow. It is Russia's fifth largest city after Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk and Yekaterinburg. It is also an important economic, transportation, scientific, educational and cultural centre. In the historic part of the city, there are a large number of universities, theatres, museums and churches to enjoy on trips to Russia.

The city is divided by the river Oka into two major parts, the Upper City on the hilly right bank and the Lower on the left bank of the river. The Upper City is the old historical part of Nizhny Novgorod, whereas the Lower City is newer and consists of some industrial districts. Bolshaya Pokrovskaya Street is a pedestrian street and the main street of the city with street vendors, souvenir shops, restaurants, and several museums including the Museum of Russian Traditional Art.

The Kremlin, the heart of the city, contains the main government agencies of the city. The first Kremlin building was recorded as early as 1374. Under the rule of Ivan III, Nizhny Novgorod played the role of a garrison and as a place for gathering troops for Moscow's actions against enemies. You can walk on the Kremlin’s walls between May and September inclusive.

There are several museums in Nizhny Novgorod. The museum house of the writer Maxim Gorky, who was born here, is a big house with several rooms keeping the atmosphere of the 1900s. Then there is the museum apartment of Andrey Sakharov, the founder of the H-bomb and human rights activist. The Museum of Steam Engines has 15 engines constructed before 1950.

Nizhny Novgorod, Russia

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