Siberia Tours, Vacation, Travel Packages & Experiences
An intersting region on Russia vacations is Siberia,an extensive region in Russia, encompassing most of North Asia. At 13.1 million sq. kms (5.1 million square miles), Siberia makes up 77% of Russia’s territory. Siberia spans much of the Eurasian Steppe, with its territory extending eastward from the Ural Mountains, to the water divide between the Pacific and Arctic drainage basins, and southward from the Arctic Ocean to the hills of north-central Kazakhstan, stretching to the national borders of Mongolia and China.
Siberia was once occupied by Nomads, until the Mongols conquered Siberia in early 13th century, followed by the Siberian Khanate in the 14th century. As Russia’s powers grew in the 16th century, so did their control over the region, expanding west to the Pacific.
Siberia’s first great modern development was the Trans-Siberian Railway, constructed from 1891–1916, conveniently linking Siberia to the rapidly industrialized Russia. Covering a distance of 9,289 kilometres, the Trans-Siberian Railway is one of the longest railways in the world. A full tour, starting from Moscow in the west, journeying to Vladivostok in the east, takes 6 days and crosses 8 time zones while on Russia vacations.
Siberia features various major geographical zones, as well as rugged mountain ranges including the Ural Mountains, the Altai Mountains and the Verkhoyansk Range.
Siberia is home to Lake Baikal, the world's oldest and deepest lake. Lake Baikal is estimated to be around 30 million years old and is 5,387 feet (1,642 m) at its deepest point.
Novosibirsk is Siberia’s largest city and Russia’s third largest in population. Located in the southwestern part of Siberia, Novosibirsk is situated at the banks of the Ob River.
Despite its reputation, Siberia is not just about cold snow. With its rich, natural resources and varied land forms, Siberia offers hiking, biking, alpine sports, cross country skiing, whitewater rafting, and so much more to be experienced on Russia vacations.
The Trans-Siberian Railway is a network of railways connecting Moscow with the Russian Far East and the Sea of Japan and considered the longest railway in the world. There are branch lines to China through Mongolia and Manchuria, with service continuing to North Korea.
The Trans-Siberian Railway is often associated with the main transcontinental Russian line that connects hundreds of large and small cities of the European and Asian parts of Russia. At 9,259 kilometers (5,753 miles), spanning a record seven time zones and taking eight days to complete the journey, it is the third longest single continuous service in the world, after the Moscow-Pyongyang (10,267 km, 6,380 mi) and the Kiev-Vlandivostok (11,085 km, 6,888 mi) service, both of which also follow the Trans-Siberian for much of their routes.
A secondary primary route is the Trans-Manchurian, which coincides with the Trans-Siberian as far as Tarskaya, about 1,000 km east of Lake Baikal.
The third primary route is the Trans-Mongolian Railway, which coincides with the Trans-Siberian as far as Ulan-Ude on Lake Baikal’s eastern shore. From Ulan-Ude the Trans-Mongolian heads south to Ulaan-Baatar before making its way southeast to Beijing. This is the route the Tsars Gold follows … the travel idea Goway recomments
In 1991, a fourth route running further to the north was finally completed, after more than five decades of sporadic work.
Extend your Stay
Consider an additional stopover to your Russia vacation at one of Goway's other European destinations. You can choose from a Paris vacation, a London vacation or an Amsterdam vacation. This can be done stopping over en route to or from Russia.
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