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Peru Geography and Maps

  • Llamas on the Antiplano
  • "The Hummingbird" viewed from the light aircraft

Located on the Pacific Coast of the South American continent, Peru borders Ecuador and Colombia in the north, Brazil and Bolivia in the east, and Chile in the south. The third largest country in South America, the geography and landscapes of Peru are varied and can be divided into three natural zones: the coast, the highlands and the jungle.

Peru’s coastline is narrow and stretches for 2,414 km (1,500 mi) along the western part of the country and contains Lima, the capital city as well as other major cities. Characterised by patches of the desert as well as mangrove swamps and dry forests, at its southern end, the coastal region merges into the Atacama Desert. Peru’s highland region is made up of the Andes, the second highest mountain chain in the world. Standing at 6,768 m (22,200 ft) Huascarán is the tallest mountain in the country and is the sixth highest in the Americas. While the Andes are tropical, some of the mountain peaks have permanent glaciers. The eastern side of the Andes receives more rain than the western side and as such, there are cloud forests as well as tropical foothills that lead into the Amazon basin. 

Approximately 60% of Peru’s land is in the Amazon basin which stretches down the eastern side of the country. Characterized by many rivers including the Amazon, the Maranon and Ucayali rivers, the Amazon is an incredibly rich and diverse tropical forest. Peru hosts the second largest portion of the Amazon rainforest after Brazil. It is interesting to note that despite the size of this region, only about 5% of the population lives here.



Peru Travel Information

At Goway we believe that a well-informed traveller is a safer traveller. With this in mind, we have compiled an easy-to-navigate travel information section dedicated to Peru.

Learn about the history and culture of Peru, the must-try food and drink, and what to pack in your suitcase. Read about Peru's nature and wildlife, weather and geography, along with 'Country Quickfacts' compiled by our travel experts. Our globetrotting tips, as well as our visa and health information will help ensure you're properly prepared for a safe and enjoyable trip. The only way you could possibly learn more is by embarking on your journey and discovering Peru for yourself. Start exploring… book one of our Peru tours today!


Extend Your Trip

After your Peru Vacation Packages, why not consider another of Goway's Latin America tours. These include a large selection of other exciting countries in Central and South America. We offer Chile vacation packages and Easter Island toursEcuador vacation packages which include Galapagos cruises and Brazil tours including Iguassu Falls tours among many others.



Book your Peru tour with Goway! 

LATIN AMERICA by Goway is an exclusive division that specializes in planning and organizing Peru tours and experiences. Choose from a simple city stopover, a small group tour, a cruise on the  Amazon, a lodge stay in the Andes, a Holiday of a Lifetime and much more. We want to be your first choice when next you go globetrotting to Peru.

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