Antarctica Geography and Maps
Located in Earth’s southern hemisphere around the South Pole is Antarctica, the world’s southernmost, coldest, windiest and most remote continent. The world ocean (an interconnected system of the earth’s oceanic waters) surrounds Antarctica. The continent’s nearest neighbours are Chile and Argentina in South America and New Zealand.
The fifth-largest continent stretching over an area of 13.7 million kilometres, approximately 98% of Antarctica is covered by the Antarctic ice sheet. This ice sheet which reflects sunlight instead of absorbing it leaves Antarctica without moisture making it very dry. As such, Antarctica is technically a desert and is drier than the Sahara.
Due to the inhospitable conditions of Antarctica, there are no permanent human populations and the continent has no indigenous populations. Instead, there are small numbers of research personnel at stations representing various countries. These conditions that prevent human habitation have also ensured that there is little in the way of nature and wildlife and instead it is the waters of the Southern Ocean that host species like penguins, seals and whales.
Geographically, the region is divided into two parts, Eastern Antarctica and Western Antarctica. Eastern Antarctica represents two-thirds of the continent and includes a number of high mountains. Western Antarctica lies within the Western hemisphere and includes the Antarctic Peninsula.
At Goway we believe that a well-informed traveller is a safer traveller. With this in mind, we have compiled an easy-to-navigate travel information section dedicated to Antarctica.
Learn about the history of Antarctica and what to pack in your suitcase. Read about Antarctica's nature and wildlife, weather and geography, along with 'Continent Quickfacts' compiled by our travel experts. Our globetrotting tips, as well as our visa and health information, will help ensure you're properly prepared for a safe and enjoyable trip. The only way you could possibly learn more is by embarking on your journey and discovering Antarctica for yourself. Start exploring… book one of our Antarctica cruises today!
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LATIN AMERICA by Goway is an exclusive division that specializes in planning and organizing Antarctica tours and experiences. Explore the world's seventh continent on a cruise or choose from one of our independent travel modules and more. We want to be your first choice when next you go globetrotting to Antarctica.
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