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Scotland: Nature and Wildlife


  • Glencoe, Scottish

In regards to nature, what Scotland lacks in large mammals, it more than makes up for in stunning scenery and landscapes.  The largest mammals found in Scotland are the red deer and the indigenous roe deer.  Smaller mammals like hedgehogs, moles, hares, badgers and otters are very common.  As an island nation, the waters around Scotland are teeming with marine life including dolphins and orcas, depending on the time of year.  In fact, the seas around Scotland are among the most biologically productive in the world. 

Scottish wildlife is abundant including red deer, pine marten, otters and a host of birds of prey as well as sea mammals, such as dolphins, porpoises and whales. A wonderful sight is that of leaping salmon on Scotland’s many fish-rich rivers. Scotland is home to some 500,000 deer and 1,000 golden eagles.

Scotland has two national parks including Cairngorms National Park, located in the northeastern part of the country.  Covering 4,500 square kilometres, it is the largest national park in Britain.  It became Scotland’s second national park in 2003, following the designation of Loch Lomond and the Trossachs National Park the year before.  There are many opportunities to view wildlife in the park as it lays claim to Britain’s highest and biggest mountain range.



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