Tanzania - Geography and Maps
Tanzania is located in East Africa and is bordered by Kenya and Uganda in the north, Rwanda, Burundi and Democratic Republic of Congo to the west and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the south. The eastern portion of Tanzania is bordered by the Indian Ocean and boasts a 1,424 square kilometre coastline. Tanzania also houses the islands of Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia which are located 45 km (28mi) from the coast in the northeast. Zanzibar is quite low lying and is characterised by sandy beaches and coral reefs. Pemba Island is known as the “Green Island” and is hillier and more fertile than Zanzibar. The Mafia archipelago is made up of one large island and several smaller ones.
Mainland Tanzania is divided into several regions. The coastal plains are characterised by tropical vegetation. In the north, there is the Maasai Steppe which covers an area of around 82,000 square kilometres. The bulk of the country is a highland plateau, some of it semi-desert and the rest savannah and scattered bush.
Kilimanjaro is a dormant volcanic mountain in Kilimanjaro National Park. It is the highest mountain in Africa, standing at 5,895 m (19,341 ft). It is made up of three distinct volcanic cones, Kibo, Mawenzi and Shira. Another prominent geographical feature in Tanzania is Ngorongoro Crater. The crater is the largest un-flooded and unbroken caldera in the world, stretching 20 km (12.4mi) across, 600 m (1,968.5 ft) deep and totals 300 square kilometres in area.
Tanzania Travel Information
At Goway we believe that a well-informed traveller is a safer traveller. With this in mind, we have compiled an easy to navigate travel information section dedicated to Tanzania.
Learn about the history and culture of Tanzania, the must-try food and drink, and what to pack in your suitcase. Read about Tanzania's nature and wildlife, weather and geography, along with 'Country Quickfacts' compiled by our travel experts. Our globetrotting tips, as well as our visa and health information will help ensure you're properly prepared for a safe and enjoyable trip. The only way you could possibly learn more is by embarking on your journey and discovering Tanzania for yourself. Start exploring… book one of our Tanzania safaris today!
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