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Canada Geography and Maps

  • False Creek in Vancouver

As the second largest country in the world, Canada’s terrain is expansive and varies greatly between each region. Freshwater abounds in this nation bordered by the Pacific, Arctic, and Atlantic Oceans, including Niagara Falls and the Great Lakes which stretch as far as the eye can see. 

Western Canada is marked by the jagged peaks of the Rocky Mountains, stretching from interior Alberta to northern British Columbia and down into the United States, Canada’s southern neighbour. Dramatic peaks, alpine forests, and thousands of glaciers compose the terrain between these two provinces, which are tourist hotspots famous for their outdoor activities and surreal glacial lakes. Standing at 3954m, Mount Robson is the highest peak in the Canadian Rockies, a daring expedition for any climber. 

This wild terrain extends up to Canada’s great north as well, where the territories of Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut are home to desolate untouched landscapes and thousands of miles of Arctic tundra. The ice cover is thick in the north, which sees long stretches of constant sunlight in the summer and a thick blanket of the night in the winter, making perfect conditions for spotting the Aurora Borealis. 

Moving east from the Rockies, Canada’s interior prairies offer endless stretches of grasslands and plains, which sprawl from Saskatchewan and Manitoba all the way down to Mexico. Neighbouring Ontario is a largely leaf-covered land with boreal forests, rich farmlands, and grassy lowlands which lead to Ottawa, the nation’s capital. Forested hills and low-range mountains continue in Francophone Quebec until reaching the coast.

Canada’s Maritime provinces are home to the dramatic tides of the Bay of Fundy and thousands of miles of rugged coastline that overlooks sparkling waters. The eastern provinces hold distinct ties to the sea, but also include lush river valleys, sweeping forests, and windswept meadows. 


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