Mozambique - Nature and Wildlife
By global standards, Mozambique’s environment is still in good condition. However, with 80% of the population living in rural areas, habitat loss is causing humans and wildlife to coexist in increasingly smaller spaces. Conservation projects and efforts are very important in Mozambique and conservation areas cover approximately 15% of the surface area of the country including 6 parks, 6 national reserves and 12 official hunting reserves.
These areas work to preserve not only the wildlife but also the natural landscape of Mozambique. Mozambique hosts three different types of vegetation including dense forestland in higher parts to the north and centre, woodland and savannah in the south and mangroves along the coast. Mangroves are quite common and cover an area of around 400,000 ha. There are approximately 5,600 species of flora, of which, 200 are believed to be endemic.
Two of the most popular conservation areas in Mozambique are Gorongosa National Park and Niassa National Reserve. Gorongosa National Park spreads 370 square kilometres over three districts, Gorongosa, Cheringoma and Muanta in Sofala province. Lions, leopards, civets, hyenas, buffalo, elephants and hippos among others call the park home. It is considered one of the most important areas of conservation in Mozambique and is recognised throughout the world.
Niassa National Reserve, located in the Niassa province covers an area of 42,000 square kilometres. It hosts different landscapes including miombo forests, mountain forests, open savannahs and prairies as well as wildlife like lions, leopards, wild dogs, elephants and buffalos. It is the largest reserve in Mozambique and is home to the largest population in the country of both wild dogs and elephants.
Mozambique offers a wide variety of ecological systems that are rich with equally diverse species. Approximately 740 birds, 200 mammals, 170 reptiles and 40 amphibians call Mozambique home. Wildlife includes big game like lions, cheetahs, elephants, leopards and rhinos as well as smaller animals like antelopes, zebras, hyenas and buffalo. Marine wildlife includes humpback whales, whale sharks, manta rays, dolphins, dugongs, turtles and many fish. New species are being discovered regularly, many of which are unique to the country.
Mozambique Travel Information
At Goway we believe that a well-informed traveller is a safer traveller. With this in mind, we have compiled an easy to navigate travel information section dedicated to Mozambique.
Learn about the history and culture of Mozambique, the must-try food and drink, and what to pack in your suitcase. Read about Mozambique's nature and wildlife, weather and geography, along with 'Country Quickfacts' compiled by our travel experts. Our globetrotting tips, as well as our visa and health information will help ensure you're properly prepared for a safe and enjoyable trip. The only way you could possibly learn more is by embarking on your journey and discovering Mozambique for yourself. Start exploring… book one of our Mozambique vacations today!
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