Cambodia - Geography and Maps
Cambodia is located in the southwestern part of the Indochina peninsula. Bordered to the west by Thailand, to the north by Laos and to the east by Vietnam, the total land area of Cambodia is 181,035 square kilometres. The population of Cambodia, 15,205,539, is divided amongst twenty provinces.
The landscape in Cambodia is dominated by many distinctive geographical features including the Central Plains which house the country’s highland mountain ranges, the Mekong River and the Tonle Sap Lake.
The Central Plains cover approximately three quarters of Cambodia’s area. Surrounding the plains are the forested highlands that include the Cardamom, Elephant and Dangrek Mountains as well as the Rattanakiri Plateau and the Chhlong Highlands that merge with the Central Highlands of Vietnam. The Cardamom Mountains rise more than 1,500m and lay claim to Cambodia’s highest peak, Phnom Aural (over 1,771m). The Elephant Range sees elevations of 500-1000m while the Dangrek Mountains to the north have elevations averaging at 500m with the highest point reaching 700m.
The Mekong River is the largest river in Southeast Asia, and is the twelfth largest river in the world. It begins in mainland China and flows through Myanmar, Laos and Thailand before entering Cambodia where it continues into Vietnam and out to the South China Sea. It has arms that link it to the Bassak River in the south and to the Tonle Sap River which connects it to the great lake in the northwest.
The Tonle Sap is a combined lake and river system. It is the largest freshwater lake in Southeast Asia. It was named a UNESCO biosphere in 1997 due to its status as an ecological hot spot. The Tonle Sap is very unusual in that its flow changes direction twice a year. When the Mekong River rises during Monsoon season, it causes the Tonle Sap to enlarge to four times its normal size causing the Tonle Sap River to flow northwards. When the dry season comes, the river reverses its flow back into the Mekong. The Tonle Sap is an excellent source of freshwater fish for Cambodia.
Cambodia Travel Information
At Goway we believe that a well-informed traveller is a safer traveller. With this in mind, we have compiled an easy to navigate travel information section dedicated to Cambodia.
Learn about the history and culture of Cambodia, the must-try food and drink, and what to pack in your suitcase. Read about Cambodia's nature and wildlife, weather and geography, along with 'Country Quickfacts' compiled by our travel experts. Our globetrotting tips, as well as our visa and health information will help ensure you're properly prepared for a safe and enjoyable trip. The only way you could possibly learn more is by embarking on your journey and discovering Cambodia for yourself. Start exploring… book one of our Cambodia tours today!
Extend Your Trip
After your Cambodia vacation, consider taking the time to visit other destinations. Goway offers exciting China vacation packages, India tours and Thailand vacation packages plus a comprehensive selection of vacation packages in many other Asian countries.
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