Romania: Nature & Wildlife
Romania is home to some very diverse landscapes and some of the largest remaining pristine forests in Europe. As a result, there are 14 national parks and 17 natural parks around the country that work to preserve Romania’s natural landscapes. As well as protecting the country’s wildlife, these areas also help preserve Romania’s local cultures and traditions. Popular parks include Retezat National Park, Bicazului Gorges National Park, Calimani National Park, and the Danube Delta.
In 1930, Romania passed its first environmental protection law. A mere five years later, Retezat National Park became the first in the country. The park is located in the Southern Carpathians, hosting approximately one-third of Romania’s flora. Over twenty peaks within the park reach heights of more than 2,000 m (6,560 ft). Several species can be found here, including chamois, red and roe deer, otters, wild boar and more. The area is also an important part of the Bird Areas Network. One of the park’s best-known features is the spectacular glacial lakes that number over 80.
Located in the Eastern Carpathians, Bicazului Gorges National Park was established in 1990. The park is named for the gorges found within it and is famous for its 1,000 ft limestone rocks. Another famous part of this protected area is Red Lake. Red Lake was created in 1837, the result of a natural landslide. Visitors enjoy this part of the park because of the excellent fly-fishing opportunities available.
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