Ethiopia Geography and Maps
Located in East Africa, Ethiopia is found in the Horn of Africa. It is completely landlocked, bordered by Sudan in the west, Somalia and Dijbouti in the east, Eritrea in the north and Kenya in the south. The tenth largest country in Africa in size, Ethiopia is the second most populous country on the continent.
Ethiopia is very mountainous with some twenty peaks above 4,000 m (13,123.36 ft). The highest point is Ras Dashen, located in the Simien Mountain Range, it reaches 4,620 m (15,157.48 ft) making it the third highest mountain in Africa. The Simien Mountains are located in northeast Ethiopia. Another well known range in the country are the Bale Mountains that are separated from the highlands by the Great Rift Valley. The highest peak in this range is Tullu Demtu at 4,377 m (14,360.24 ft).
Southern Ethiopia is much flatter than the highlands while semi-arid scrubland covers parts of the east and southeast. The chief river in Ethiopia is the Awash River (or Awasi), however, other large river basins found in the country include the Blue Nile, the Baro River, and the Omo River.
The capital of Ethiopia is Addis Ababa which is the largest city in the county. It is considered both a city and a state. It has been given the nickname of the “political capital of Africa” because it is home to the headquarters of the UN Economic Commission for Africa. It also hosts other important international organizations.
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