Thailand Nature and Wildlife
Thailand is home to more than 10% of the world’s animals. There are more than 285 mammal species including elephants, tigers, leopards, Malaysian sun bears, sambars, deer and otters as well as a variety of primate species including gibbons, monkeys and macaques. Sheep, goats, wild cattle and wild hogs are also common. Larger mammals like elephants and tigers have witnessed dramatic drops in numbers and exist mainly in national parks and conservation areas. Elephants have often been a symbol of Thailand, however, they only number between 1,000-2,000.
Thailand is a birdwatcher’s paradise with some 925 bird species migrating to, or living in Thailand. There are many birds of prey found throughout the country including the crested honey-buzzard and the crested serpent eagle. There are also thirteen species of hornbill in Thailand, some of which are quite common while others are listed as endangered.
Thailand is home to numerous reptile and amphibian species including approximately 176 snake species including cobras, pythons and vipers. There are three species of tortoise living in Thailand - the Asian giant tortoise can live for over one hundred years. There are some 310 lizard species located around the country including common geckos and tree lizards, monitor lizards and water dragons.
Natural forests such as monsoon and rainforests cover approximately 25% of Thailand’s total land area. Monsoon forests are made up of hardwood trees that shed leaves during the dry season, while rainforests are made up of evergreens. It is not uncommon to find bamboo and coconut palms throughout the country.
There are over 100 national parks in Thailand that house a variety of plant and animal life as well as conservation and preservation efforts. The most popular national parks are:
Khao Yai National Park, is located just 200km from Bangkok. This national park is rich in wildlife including elephants, bears and exotic birds.
Doi Inthanon National Park found in northern Thailand is home to the highest peak in the country which shares its name with the park. Indigenous hill tribes are found within the park as well as waterfalls and forests full of orchids.
Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park is a favourite amongst bird watchers. The coastal location of this park features marshes that are home to many waterfowl and other marine life with Irrawaddy dolphins sometimes making an appearance.
Erawan National Park located in western Thailand houses a stunning seven-tiered waterfall as well as four caves. There is a tropical forest located here which is full of wildlife.
Thailand Travel Information
At Goway we believe that a well-informed traveller is a safer traveller. With this in mind, we have compiled an easy-to-navigate travel information section dedicated to Thailand.
Learn about the history and culture of Thailand, the must-try food and drink, and what to pack in your suitcase. Read about Thailand's nature and wildlife, weather and geography, along with 'Country Quickfacts' compiled by our travel experts. Our globetrotting tips, as well as our visa and health information will help ensure you're properly prepared for a safe and enjoyable trip. The only way you could possibly learn more is by embarking on your journey and discovering Thailand for yourself. Start exploring… book one of our Thailand tours today!
Extend Your Trip
After your Thailand vacation, consider taking the time to visit other destinations. Goway offers exciting China vacation packages and India tours plus a comprehensive selection of vacation packages in many other Asian countries.
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